Sri Lanka is enriched with incredible beauty gifted by mother nature with numerous natural resources such as waterfalls,rivers, lakes, green mountains and wild life.
Sri Lanka is blessed with over 100 waterfalls.
Bambarakanda is taller than the famous Diyaluma falls which is only 220 metres but thought to be the tallest waterfall in Sri Lanka.
The Baker’s Falls in the Horton Plains gets its water from the Belihul Oya. It is close to World’s End. The icy waters glisten in the sunshine amid a backdrop of mountain terrain and deep valleys and the patna through which you traverse give it contrast. If you are lucky you may see the rare black monkey and rhododendrons in bloom. Discovered by Sir Samuel Baker and a good stopover on your way to the World’s end.
Sri Lanka is blessed with over one hundred waterfalls. The tallest is the Bambarakande Falls which cascades down 263 metres like liquid light. It is only four miles away from the Colombo-Bandarawela road in a forest glade, but it is not visited often, though well worth the trip.
Bambarakanda is taller than the famous Diyaluma falls which is only 220 metres but thought to be the tallest waterfall in Sri Lanka. The Diyaluma or Diya Haluma collects its water from the Poonagala Oya in the vicinity of Koslanda and Wellawaya. Located six miles from Koslanda and 13 miles from Wellawaya, its waters originate from the Mahakande Pass in Koslanda. You can see this waterfall if you stop a while on your way to Haputale and detour.
Due to the geological formation of Sri Lanka, the central highlands are surrounded by peneplains, plateaus and valleys. Rainfall sends a large volume of water hurtling down the precipitous edges of the highland mass.
The up thrust millions of years ago has caused several peneplains to form, the highest being well over 6000 ft. It is in this area that the water is collected when there are showers and flows down along tributaries down the mountain slopes.
“Bopath Ella”, not like many of the others of her kind , finds her abode in a busy surrounding in the village called Devipahala off Kuruwita on A4 High Level road close to Ratnapura. Being within 3 hours driving distance from the capital, it thus claims the honour of having the highest turn-over of enthusiasts seeking respite from the grimy and monotonous town life .Nevertheless, it has the notorious reputatio of devouring its visitors off and on who , attracted by the surroundings ,indulge in over-enjoyment .Here again, the falls take the shape of a “Bo” leave ( “Bo” tree is a sacred tree here ) from which the name has been derived.
With a peculiar appearance imparted to it by its formation in three continuous cascades this waterfall christened “Devon Falls” pours down to the valley beneath not a long distance away from its brother the “St. Clairs”. On the main road opposite to it there is situated a modern tea centre finding its abode thankful to this “Veil ( Bridal ) of the Vale ( i.e. valley )”. Driving from Colombo, the capital, via Avissawella one suddenly catches this unearthly sight which is to be soon enhanced by the grandeur of the “St. Clairs”. This beauty too is endangered by the above-mentioned power plant beast
With an appearance and location which often make people believe that it is the highest waterfall in the isle, this lanky “Diyaluma” waterfall pours its way down and flows towards Kirindi Oya underneath a bridge on the highway from Beragala to Wellawaya. The extent of water spilt downwards is so great
during the rainy season that it makes amends for the monotonously undisturbed water trunk falling from head to foot with no intermediate cascade whatsoever. Its geographical location by one of the mostly used Highways spanning the Hill Country to the Plains speaks for its reputation not only here but in other parts of the world as well.
“Dunhinda” is one of the mostly spoken-about waterfalls in Sri Lanka. Although she couldn’t come even close to the highest waterfalls of the planet in height she rivals many of them when it comes to the natural beauty that it bestows on the environment . Situated about 2 km distance from the main road which runs to Taldena from the remote city Badulla in the Uva Province this is easily accesible and frequently visited by local and foreign visitors. On the way can be seen the “Kuda Dunhinda” ( “Kuda” means small in Sinhala ) which is the prologue to its mighty brother . In native tongue “Dun” means mist or vapour which is the ideal explanation for a waterfall creating wreathes of mist on its way down.
Kirindi Oya Waterfall
The Kirindi Oya Falls is the third largest waterfall. It cascades down 200 metres. It can be seen when you go from Ratnapura to Pelmadulla and get on to the Katupitiya road which goes by a tea factory. You have to go along a foot path just beyond the tea factory and if you do not mind the wild grass and reeds, you could go quite close to the waterfall.
Mapanana Falls” found at the foot of the “Sri Pada”( Adam’s Peak ) range are one of the tallest and the most beautifully formed falls meandering its way down from a height about 150 meteres. Carrying cooly and crystal clear waters from the springs where they are born in the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary this fall is difficult to get near to due to many reasons,the hazard of sudden gushes of water during especially, rainy seasons,being one of them.During my visit there in ’95 I also was prevented from wading upstream
for the same reason by the villagers.The photo here appeared on The Lankadeepa,95-8-20 Sunday, by Kamilus Wanigasuriya.
This is situated in a remote village called Malalpola off Yatiyantota on the High Level road from Avissawella to Nuwara-Eliya. Dancing its way through several cascades before finding its way under a wooden bridge along the road, this waterfall adds to the rustic scenery of the village . Not very famous
among the people here, it still attracts a considerable number of people going there informed by locals. During the periods when the foliage gets covered by lush greenary and the air gets cooly one is greeted with a momentary drizzle when traversing the wooden planks of the bridge.
Situated in the Dry zone off Welimada this beautiful water fall is a continuous stream of life to the villagers. It provides much needed water for the cultivation of vegetables, their main income. The life- line role of this tiny, yet beautiful waterfall is seen when we first arrived the village. While the
surrounding mountains were dirty and dry this particular mountain was greenish and cultivated. According to villages the water of this stream has to be protected from smugglers day and night and for that they have ” a shift duty”. It is 40m (131ft) tall and in the Uduhawara village
Bulathkohupitiya is a small town hidden among the mountains of the hill country. From there , a motorable road leads through hair pin bends to Dedugala. On the way can be seen this waterfall in a very serene landscape . Where it originates and whither it flows , unknown to me. In Sinhalese Rikilla
means branch of a tree , and Rikille stands for its possesive noun.
These majestic “St.Clairs” falls are close to the main road from Avissawella to Nuwara-Eliya and can well be seen from the Main Line rail track close to Talawakelle. It falls down in two cascades and is an inviting site for regular bathers because it is fairly easily reacheable from a footpath ( actually there are many ) downhill through greeny tea shrubbery. Named after a British colonist, these are one of two waterfalls threatened by a proposed hydro-power scheme in the area.
Wadakada is a typical rural Sri Lankan village encompassed between two highways which connect Colombo to the city of Kurunegala. There lived a poet called Wadakada Navaratne who shared the unspoilt beauty and calmness in his village with many a stranger through his ever-remembered poems which begins to linger and echo in one’s ears as one steps into this far away place.
The Lovers Leap Ella
The 100 feet high Lovers Leap begins its journey as fountain at the Southern slope of Sri lankas highest mountain Pidurutalagala. The falls can be seen from the town Nuwara Eliya.
Galagediyana Ella Falls
This water fall is very close to Colombo can be reached off Dedigama – where the famous Kotavehera Dagaba. If travel from Kotavehera to Stripura (where palace queens were hidden in times of war)- a cave temple with a magnificent stone arch- and then alone the same road to Kegalle.
Ramboda Ella Falls
A gigantic water fall having three parts and very close to the 53km post along the above A-5 trunk road. The first part is above the road in the jungle (100m), second part is close to the road (3m) and the third part (100m)is below the road. Traveler should descends to the “Ramboda basin”, where the famous “Ramboda Inn” situated from where he can see the whole fall. When we were there the upper part was covered with a fog and what you see in the picture was the third part. If look carefully, one can notice a bus on the bridge over the A- 5 road at the top of the photo.
Poona Oya Ella Falls
In the same location as above (at Ramboda Inn), there are about 5 waterfalls descending down to make the Kothmale river. One of them is “Poona Oya Ella Falls” which is actually a twin fall. It is about 100m (330ft) and both falls about 4m away from each other. This is seen from A-5 road at 53km post and there is an observation site there.
Hellboda Ella Falls -Ramboda
This is by the side of A-5 trunk route Kandy to N’Eliya east of Pussellawa. It is about 60m (197ft) when both parts taken together and a very attractive yet simple water fall. It is by the side of the road and one can almost descends to the foot of the fall.
Bomburu Ella waterfall is a very beautiful waterfall in Sri Lanka and which is at Uva – Paranagama provincial division of Badulla District of Sri Lanka. Bomburu Ella waterfall is at a very beautiful place in Sri Lanka. Welimada and Uva Paranagama are very famous to potatoes cultivation. You can visit Bomburu waterfall and visit potatoes lands and vegetable lands in Welimada. Bomburu Ella is not at closed to main road. It’s situated at long distance from main road and you have to go on a foot to Bomburu waterfall. This waterfall is situated at between and border of Nuwaraeliya and Badulla districts. There is a valley at Nuwaraeliya district and water comes to falls. Some low rainy seasons people close the water way and that time low amount of water comes to water fall. December January and April May seasons are very suitable to visit this waterfall. Water is come to Bomburu waterfall from Nuwaraeliya Gregory Lake and many places and after Bomburu Ella this water come to Uma River. Then via Badulu Oya and move those water to Randenigala Rentable and Victoria valleys. How to get there You can reach Bomburu Ella from Perawella via Uduhawara via Welimada, Nuwaraeliya. Or Welimada via Bandarawela.
Dhuwili Ella of Balangoda Sri Lanka is a very high and a beautiful waterfall in Sri Lanka. Dhuwili Ella is at Kalthota which is Hambegambuwa road of Balangoda. There are about 27 kilometeres from Balangoda town and you have to walk 3kms from Kalthota. Dhuwili Ella is situated at below of Samanala Wawa Wally. Samanala Wawa means Wally which is like a butterfly.
Main entrance of Samanala Wewa is at Belihuloya and Pambahinna. Samanala Wawa is situated at 8km Distance from Sabaragamuwa University. University of Sabaragamuwa Sri Lanka is also at Kumbalgama road which is direct to Samanala Wawa. Dhuwili Ella waterfall is very beautiful and large amount of water falls down from it every second. There fore not suitable to bath at this notification No. 2140/17 Dated 10 Sep 2019.
The rich network of rivers in Sri Lanka make the island an oasis at any time of year, naturally watering the paradise garden with its splendid heritage. The highest concentration of rivers and lakes is found in the south-west of the country, making it possibly the most fertile area in Sri Lanka.
Mahaweli River , the longest river in the island and 330km in length originates from the Hatton mountain range and gently flows across Kandy and right to the east where it eventually passes through Trincomalee, one of the finest natural harbours in the world. The river, having been dammed in several
places, is not only a major source of water for irrigation purposes, but also plays an important role in the hydro-electric power generation of Sri Lanka. Mahaweli River has thus played an important role in the lives of the people of the country providing them with the basics even for sustenance.
The Kelani River Sri Lanka originating at the foot of the Sri Pada mountain range is one of the most important water sources for Colombo. Flowing along through the hill country and eventually ending at the ocean in Colombo, the river changes during the monsoon period and dry season. The Kelani River Sri
Lanka is an integral part of the lives of those living close-by as it is used for irrigation, hydropower generation, transportation and fisheries among others.
Some of the other major rivers in Sri Lanka among the 103 dispersed island-wide are the Aravi Aru, the second longest river in the country, the Malwathu Oya, the Walawe River and the Kalu River.
Most of the reservoirs called tanks dot the north central plains, storing water during the dry season. Some of the tanks were constructed as many as 2000 years ago.these water bodies are laden with a whole lot of natural beauty and lush greenery around. These are Some famous tanks in this mesmerizing
Gregory Lake is one of the most ancient lakes in Sri Lanka. It was created by the British Governor, Sir William Gregory, during the British colonialism era in the year 1873. The purpose of creating the lake was to provide electricity. When the lake came into formation, it was mainly utilized for the purpose of
leisure and recreation by the Britishers. During that time, it was one of the most prominent attractions in the region. In recent times, the lake has got a facelift by the Sri Lankan government along with the hilly district of Nuwara Eliya. With such renovations coming into the scene, the Gregory Lake has been converted into a lake park where one can enjoy a plethora of recreational activities such as normal boat rides, swan-shaped paddle boats, pony rides along the shore, water walking balls, watersports such as
jetski and windsurfing.
On the list of lakes in Sri Lanka is the largest freshwater lake in Sri Lanka known as Bolgoda Lake. It is also the largest natural lake in Sri Lanka. The lake covers two-thirds of Kalutara district and is also a major part of Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia, a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka. In the old times, the lake was used for transportation of people and goods from the upper stream of Kalu Ganga. It used to be the hunting ground of the Britishers during the colonial era. While you are here at the lake, seep in its rich
history and also enjoy a plethora of water activities like Kayaking, Sailing, Yachting, Canoeing, Jet Skiing, and Water Skiing. Go for a relaxing boat ride here and enjoy the natural setting of this picturesque lake.
One of the most beautiful lakes in Sri Lanka, Sembuwatta Lake is a famous tourist attraction in Sri Lanka. A man-made lake, it was created from natural spring water. There is a natural swimming pool right alongside the lake. The water body is around 9 meters (30 feet) to 12 meters (39 feet) deep. The lake
belongs to the Elkaduwa Plantations. It is used to generate electricity for the nearby villages. The tourists and locals visit this place to enjoy the beauty of the place and soak in the view of the lush greenery around.
Amongst the most beautiful lakes in Sri Lanka is the Kandalama Reservoir. It is also known by the nameof Kandalama Lake. This is a man-made lake/reservoir that was created with the construction of the 21 meters (69 feet) high and 1,600 meters (5,200 feet) wide Kandalama Dam. The water from this lake is used for irrigation purposes in the surrounding regions. The tributaries of Kala Wewa – the Mirisgoniya River were dissected to have the dam built over them for the lake to take birth. There is also a catchment area nearby. Due to the beautiful surroundings of the lake comprising of lush green foliage and the year-round water availability at the lake, the place is a prominent tourist attraction in Sri Lanka.
Counted as one of the most beautiful lakes in Sri Lanka, Semanikulam Lake is a haven of natural wonders and panoramic views. The lake is known for its majestic sunsets and a whole lot of greenery around. You can visit this place on your vacation to Sri Lanka and enjoy your time with your friends and family. Gi for a boat ride, jog or run around the lake and soak in the natural beauty.
Kala Wewa Lake and Reservoir is the biggest lake in Sri Lanka. The lake has a rich history – it was built by King Datusena in the year 307 B.C. Having a capacity of 123 million cubic meters, it serves the nearby areas for irrigation purposes. The lake has a famous Buddha statue nearby that is quite famous amongst the tourists and locals alike. Head here for some moments of recluse and quiet on your vacation to Sri Lanka.
Kandy Lake in Sri Lanka is one of the most prominent tourist attractions in the entire country. Also known as Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk, it is a beautiful artificial lake. The lake was built in the year 1807 next to the Temple of the Tooth by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe. The lake has reduced in size over the years and has come into protection. This is the reason why fishing has been banned in this lake. The place is a great spot for a casual stroll or jog. There is a shady path that surrounds the lake. Here, you can catch a great view of the hills and towns around.
of the most ancient lakes in Sri Lanka, Beira Lake is located right in the center of Colombo in Sri Lanka. The area of the lake used to be about 1.65 km2 (0.64 sq mi) of land around 100 years ago. Due to the constructions nearby and other reasons amalgamating together, the area of the lake has reduced to
around 0.65 km2 (0.25 sq mi). One can go boating on this lake and enjoy running and jogging at the track surrounding the lake.
There are numerous mountains in Sri Lanka that not only takes away the breath of travelers but also satiate the thirst of adventure amidst the thrill seekers
Sri Pada or Adam’s Peak
Sri Pada of Sri Lanka is well known for its Buddhist pilgrimage. Sri Pada or the sacred footprint is a 1.8- meter rock formation near the summit of Adam’s Peak which is at an altitude of 2,243 meters. This mountain is the junction of a bunch of religions such as Buddhism: who consider it to be the footprint of
Buddha, Hindus believe it to be the footprint of Lord Shiva. In Islam and Christianity, this footprint is considered to be that of Adam or Saint Thomas. Adam’s Peak is one of the most beautiful mountains in Sri Lanka and is located in the Ratnapura district on the edge of the central massif. The surrounding group of mountains in this region is known as Wilderness of the Peak and is extensive when compared to the bulk of other mountains.
The second highest mountain of Sri Lanka, Kirigalpotta has an altitude of 2,388 meters above the mean sea level. This is also the highest mountain of Sri Lanka which is easily accessible to the common civilians of the nation. Pidurutalagala, on the other hand, is a region of the military base and thus, is not accessible to the public. The peak of Kirigalpotta is located in the Nuwara Eliya district. A 7-kilometer hiking trail which is not very well known leads you to the mountain summit through the Horton Plains National Park. The trail, however, is a splendid adventure for hiking mountains in Sri Lanka.
Pidurutalagala is the only ultra prominent peak of this island country. This also happens to be one of the only 1,515 ultra prominent peaks all across the globe. This mountain has a forest reserve in the surrounding location which was subjected to severe damage, five years ago in a forest fire. The fire had caused a loss of more than three acres of forest land. However, with time and the help of the people of Sri Lanka, a lot of the damage has been repaired and is still improving every day. The mountain summit of Pidurutalagala acts as a base of the communications array of the Sri Lankan government and armed
forces. It is marked as an ultra-high-security zone due to the confidentiality of the activities in the region. These are the best mountains in Sri Lanka in contrast to the lush green surroundings, consisting of forests with a large variety of rare and endemic species of plants and animals. The mountain summit gives one the chance to have a glance at the beautiful country of Sri Lanka and is a perfect panorama.
Thotupola mountain in Sri Lanka is one of the highest-ranking mountains amongst the top ten of the list. This takes around a half day of the journey for climbing and sightseeing. The flora of this region is a contrast to the rest of the mountains of the country. The top of the mountain is the best catch you can
get if you have a thing for mountainous greenery. The Thotupola Kanda is one of Sri Lanka’s most famous and beautiful mountains and also happens to have a historical connection to King Ravana Era. Rare species of birds are frequent in this part of the country, they include the likes of Dull Blue Flycatcher, Sri Lanka White Thrush and many more. The rare Horned Lizard is very common around the Horton Plains and you might even catch a glance of a leopard if you’re lucky enough.
The Gombaniya range is located in the Matale district of the country. The range consists of five peaks resembling the knuckles of a closed fist and thus, are also known as the Knuckles range. The highest point of this range is at an altitude of 6,248 feet above the mean sea level. The five peaks of the
Gombaniya range from West to Southeast are Kirigalpotta, Gombaniya, Knuckles, Koboneelagala and Dotulugala: also known as the Mini Alps. This mountain range has a span of approximately 20,000 hectares of land. It houses a biodiversity of indigenous flora and fauna of the Indian subcontinent, making it a must visit on your trip to Sri Lanka.
Not only that, Being an island, Sri Lanka is blessed with a diverse topography which has managed to attract many visitors from around the world.Sri Lanka is a tropical country so expect lots of blissful sunshine and blue skies practically year-round, except for monsoon season (summer months) when it
can get a little more humid and rainy. That being said, the weather is fairly consistent if you plan ahead, and the country offers some of the most beautiful sunsets I’ve ever seen. The central part of the southern half of the island (tea country!) tends to be cooler than the coastal regions, so pack accordingly if this is where you’re headed.